On 5th November 1605 a lone man was arrested in the cellar of the British Houses of Parliament with 36 barrels of gunpowder. His name was Guy “Guido” Fawkes (as he came to be known). His mission was to assasinate the British King by blowing him, and his ministers, up during the opening of the Houses of Parliament. The aim was to restore the Catholic monarchy of previous years.
Although the plan failed, the plotters attempt, and the King´s survival, have inspired future generations ever since.
The 5th of November, also known as Bonfire Night or Guy Fawkes Night, is a British tradition dating back to the 17th century Gunpowder Plot. Conspirator Guy Fawkes, with the help of about 13 others, tried to blow up the Houses of Parliament and King James I. Even though Guy Fawkes is the most famous of all the plotters, it is generally agreed that the ringleader was Robert Catesby.
Read more about the Gunpowder Plot and then play an interactive game to test. Read even more about the plot on the BBC´s History pages. And here’s a video showing how English people celebrate Bonfire Night each 5th of November: http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/word-street/bonfire-night
Guy Fawkes in the Movies
More recently, Guy Fawkes has come to promince once again. The 17th century plot to overthrow a King provided some inspiration for Alan Moore´s comics and film V for Vendetta. Watch the trailer for the film below. Do you recognise the mask?